Illinois’ law firms, government agencies, corporations and other businesses employ more than 10,000 paralegals according to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics’ 2016 report. Illinois’ paralegals enjoy a larger scope of practice than paralegals in other states. For example, they may appear in court to present a routine motion, according to the Illinois Association of Paralegals.
While paralegals in Illinois are not required to be certified or registered, they must follow rules of professional conduct and ethics as set forth by the state. In 1996, the Illinois Supreme Court defined a standard of conduct for paralegals known as the Illinois Code of Paralegal Ethics. This code spells out the expectations for paralegals. In particular they not misrepresent themselves as lawyers or able to offer legal counsel, and they must follow standards of confidentiality, ethics and other proper conduct. Additionally, Rule 5.3 sets forth guidelines for “nonlawyer assistants” requiring that lawyers supervise and accept responsibility for the professional actions of their legal assistants.
Without registration or educational requirements, Illinois paralegals may begin their careers by finding employment that offers on-the-job training or by pursuing education in paralegal studies.
Is There Paralegal Certification in Illinois?
Paralegals may choose from several different types of education programs designed to prepare them for their career in the law field. Certificate programs can be useful for those with no prior education who wish to immerse themselves solely in paralegal studies without general education classes.
Certificate programs are also offered for aspiring paralegals who hold a degree in another field and want to add an additional focus to their studies. Instead of completing a second bachelor’s degree, they can earn a certificate in paralegal studies. Certificated paralegals are not the same as certified paralegals, who have passed a national certification exam.
Illinois Job Statistics
For aspiring paralegals who wish to earn a degree, many programs offer associate’s and bachelor’s degrees in paralegal studies, and a few program eve often master’s level work. For any education program, certificate through master’s, it is important to investigate if the paralegal program is approved by the American Bar Association (ABA) and if the educational institution is accredited.
Paralegals who wish to distinguish themselves in their field may choose to sit for national certification exams. To be eligible to take the exams, they must meet education and work experience requirements. Currently the three professional paralegal organizations offer four national exams from which paralegals may select:
- The PACE offered by the National Federation of Paralegal Associations (NFPA)
- The PCC also offered by National Federation of Paralegal Associations (NFPA)
- The CLA/CP offered by the National Association of Legal Assistants (NALA)
- The PP offered by the Association for Legal Professionals (NALS)
A comparison of eligibility, continuing legal education and recertification requirements can be found here.
Illinois offers two professional paralegal associations: The Illinois Paralegal Association, which is affiliated with the NFPA and the Central Illinois Paralegal Association, which is affiliated with NALA.
The Illinois Paralegal Association (IPA) began in Chicago in the early 1970s and since has grown to include and support members from throughout Illinois. Its main goals include facilitating communication between paralegals and other individuals and organizations within their professional community; providing opportunities for continuing education and professional development and promoting the visibility and growth of the paralegal profession. Additionally, the IPA offers a mentoring program to new paralegals, regular meetings to help paralegals keep informed of developments in the legal field, and access to many online resources.
The Central Illinois Paralegal Association (CIPA) sponsors monthly meetings throughout central Illinois to offer support, networking and education to their members. CIPA encourages its members to learn and grow, and thereby advance and expand the paralegal profession. CIPA offers an Annual Educational Seminar with continuing legal education units available to paralegals and attorneys.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the metropolitan area surrounding Chicago employs the greatest number of paralegals. The majority of these paralegals are employed by the large law firms that Chicago is home to, including: