Hawaii supports a modest number of paralegals, with under 1000 employed in the state according to a 2010 report by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The majority of paralegals work in Honolulu.
The regulation of paralegals has been considered and thus far rejected by both the Hawaii State Bar and the Hawaiian Supreme Court. Under Hawaii’s Rule of Professional Conduct 5.3, any legal “paraprofessional,” including paralegals, must be directly supervised by a lawyer. Lawyers must also assume responsibility for the professional actions of the paraprofessionals in their employ.
Paths to Employment
In Hawaii, one may become a paralegal by completing coursework in paralegal studies, receiving on-the-job training or a combination of the two. Educational options include certificates, associate’s degrees, bachelor’s degrees and even master’s degrees in paralegal studies.
To earn a certificate, a paralegal must complete certificate program in paralegal studies. Some certificate programs require that applicants already hold bachelor’s degrees in another subject. This type of certificate program allows them to focus solely on paralegal studies without the need to complete additional general education classes.
|Hawaii Job Statistics|
Other certificate programs admit students with no previous degree and issue stand-alone certificates. It is important to research certificate programs as they may or may not be approved by the American Bar Association and their issuing institutions may or may not be accredited. These can be important distinctions to employers or to the national paralegal associations that offer national certification.
Some students may prefer to earn a degree in paralegal studies. Degrees can help distinguish entry-level paralegals from their peers in the job market. Additionally, some paralegal degree programs prepare their graduates for taking the national certification exams.
National certification is a voluntary process that paralegals may undertake in order to increase their professional standing, raise the professionalism of paralegals as a whole, or distinguish themselves from their peers in the job market. Some national certification programs also allow paralegals to specialize in certain areas of the law.
Currently, three national paralegal associations offer four different national certification exams.
- The PACE offered by the National Federation of Paralegal Associations (NFPA)
- The PCCE also offered by National Federation of Paralegal Associations (NFPA)
- The CLA/CP offered by the National Association of Legal Assistants (NALA)
- The PP offered by the Association for Legal Professionals (NALS)
Eligibility requirements vary from exam to exam. A comparison can be found here.
There are two professional associations for paralegals in Hawaii: the Hawaii Paralegal Association and Hawaii Legal Support Professionals.
The Hawaii Paralegal Association (HPA), based in Honolulu, was founded in 1978 to support the paralegal community with education, information and advocacy. It has developed working relationships with other professionals in the legal community and also works educate the general public about the role of the paralegal. The HPA offers membership to students and professional paralegals. It assists members in obtaining education, certification and continuing legal education (CLE). The HPA is affiliated with the NFPA and offers four levels of membership:
- Voting Member – Open to anyone employed as a Hawaii paralegal or paralegal supervisor who was formerly a paralegal
- Associate Member – Open to anyone who meets any of the following:
- Is a paralegal outside of Hawaii
- Was formerly employed as a paralegal
- Is employed in the legal profession as something other than a paralegal
- Has completed a paralegal education program
- Student Member – Open to anyone who is a student in an official paralegal education program and not working as a paralegal
- Sustaining Member – Open to any person or entity that supports the HPA
The Hawaii Legal Support Professionals (HLSP) offers membership to paralegals, legal assistants and other legal paraprofessionals. It is affiliated with NALS and as such supports its members in becoming nationally certified through NALS’ Professional Paralegal (PP) exam. The HLSP works to increase the professional standing of legal paraprofessionals, provide networking opportunities to its members and offer educational seminars and CLEs. The HLSP is based in Honolulu.
The majority of paralegals are employed by law firms. In Hawaii, the largest law firms are located in the Honolulu area, though some have smaller offices throughout the islands. Hawaii’s largest law firms include:
- Goodsill Anderson Quinn & Stifel
- Cades Schutte
- Carlsmith Ball
- Alston Hunt Floyd & Ing
- McCorriston Miller Mukai MacKinnon
- Starn O’Toole Marcus & Fisher
- Kobayashi Sugita & Goda
- Torkildson Katz Moore Hetherington & Harris
- Damon Key Leong Kupchak & Hastert
- Imanaka Kudo & Fujimoto
Important Contacts for Paralegals
- Hawaii Paralegal Association (HPA), affiliated with the NFPA
- Hawaii Legal Support Professionals (HLSP), affiliated with NALS
- Hawaii State Bar Association
- Hawaii State Judiciary